Practise Symbol Exam

Our lives are composed of things with either little or no significance to us. Symbols are the things that are of significance and have a deeper meaning that helps reveal things to people. In ‘The Great Gatsby’ written by F. Scott Fitzgerald he includes several symbols which help the reader understand more about a character or idea. He uses the ‘Green Light’ to help illustrate Gatsby’s dream, The colour ‘White’ to show the illusion that Daisy created to hide her true personality and ‘Water’ to show the time that has passed.

1.3 unfimiliar text answer

Throughout the text the children’s emotions in the poem called “What Story’s That, Then?” change drastically. The reader interprets this via the way the author changes the types of adjectives in the poem.

At the beginning of the poem the author illustrates the child to be extremely bored by her mother who is reading to the child on a bus. The author describes the moment the two are sharing as ‘ The Child a finger stuck for the last few minuted in one nostril is past boredom.” Usually a child sticks its finger up its nose as a way of entertainment, this was the case for the child on the bus. The author also describes the child ‘Detesting’ to what the mother is saying. “She detest the mice, the ridiculousness of teapots”. Detesting is a describing word which means to strongly dislike something. Which is another emotion the child is feeling at the beginning of the poem.

The Childs emotions soon change to deeply sad. The book which the mother must be narrating to the child takes a turn and the child beings to cry at what the author describes as “the insult of reality she is expected to attend. This is a sentence, which people can relate to. Many people dislike reality and would much rather live their life escaping reality as often its reality comes with negative emotions such as pain, sadness, hurt distress and anger. This sentence also signals the most drastic change in emotion the child has, her emotions previous to this have been negative but after this brief period of crying her emotions are quickly changed to joy, which continues for the rest of the poem.

As the poem starts to end the child becomes elated. This is how the author described the Childs emotions. “The dog looks as if he hates it. The child is elated”. The child has become this way because of a skinny greyhound which the author has described as being ‘As skinny as a one-line drawing of a dog’. the author used a synonym to help enhance this sentence. The child finds joy in this dog which has a collar ‘studded with fake gems’ and a lead which is ‘lolly pink’. Another way we realise the child’s fascination towards the dog is how the author describes the way she looks out the window at it with pure excitement, “Both hands make squishy stars pressed against the window”.

“She has seen the world and named it”. When children are young the smallest things often seem world-altering. Throughout the poem, the child’s emotions vary and we interpret this via the changes in adjectives in which the author uses to describe the change.

Benjamin Button Essay

This is my final one. 🙂

Being an old person itself comes with many problems, Dementia, Arthritis and other problems that come as baggage as you age. Being elderly means you have to watch loved ones slowly pass away around you, people with whom you may have lived your life. People you may have grown old with. These weren’t problems Benjamin Button faced when he was an old man. He had another problem, some may argue  Benjamin had a bigger problem. Benjamin Button aged backwards. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button is a short story written by F. Scott Fitzgerald which was later made into a film directed by David Fincher. The story is about a boy who was born into an old man’s body. We see Benjamin (the main character) become younger on the outside all whilst growing older on the inside. As you can imagine Benjamin faces many challenges throughout his lifetime, a lot of his challenges were different from the ‘normal person’, much like how his life was different from those around him. One of the main challenges Benjamin faced in his lifetime was the inevitability of time. The concept of the inevitability of time is revealed through cinematography techniques for example Sound, Voice over narration, Symbols and montage. I will be elaborating more on how these 4 techniques helped convey the message of the inevitability of time in the last scene of the film which I will be focusing on. The last scene consists of Daisy moving into the rest home, to help care for Benjamin as he goes through the last years of his life. From a 5-year-old to a newborn. During this time Daisy read to him, helped him walk when he lost the ability to, as well as watching him start to not be able to talk. She was with him when he passed away. This is the scene I will be focusing on to explain how the cinematography techniques show the inevitability of time.

Time flies. This a common phrase that is used to express emotion about the constant passing of time. An emotion which may be happy, glad, thankful for the fact that time is moving on, or in other cases it may reflect being distressed, sad or concerned that a moment has passed. A moment which can never truly be relived. The beginning of the last scene in the Curious Case of Benjamin Button is a montage. A montage also reflects time flying by. It shows snippets of time. In the last scene, it showed the monumental moments from the last 5 years of Benjamin’s life. It begins with Benjamin at 5, playing with a clock just as Daisy moves into the rest home. The alarm clock which Benjamin was holding on to was used to make the audience aware of Benjamins little time left. It was also a sign for both Benjamin and Dasiy because both of their lives had reached the point where they were both closing their books of doing wild, adventurous and exciting things and they were opening a new one which involved simply winding down to get through the last years of the lives. Daisy also took over the role of caring for Benjamin, whereas at the beginning of the film this was more Benjamins role, an old man looking out for a young innocent 7-year-old girl. This was a main theme for the montage, Both of them losing the ability to do things, although they were losing different things to each other, time was catching up on both of them, as it always does. Throughout life no matter what way one lives it, there are certain milestones which everyone goes through, a milestone that we could face as a two-year-old or a 75-year-old. Milestones make us aware of time. While the montage shows Daisy starting to care for Benjamin,  it also shows Daisy having to narrate the final years of his life for him. We hear this through the voice of narration (Omniestant). While we see the last years of his life via montage, we hear Daisy narrate his life from going from a 5-year-old to a baby. Through the whole movie its Benjamin narrating for us but as his life is in reverse, and he is aging backwards, getting younger and younger, Benjamin loses the ability to narrate himself, leaving Daisy to have to finish it for him. So this also proves the theme of Inevitability of time as time no longer allows him to finish his own story off, much like how time didn’t allow him and Daisy’s relationship to last. The impact that both montage and voice-over have on the final scene, was that both techniques showed time catching up on Benjamin and how he was losing things he had been able to do his whole life and how Daisy had to take care of him. They conveyed the message of the inevitability of time.

Clocks are a representation of time passing. The ticking of a clock is a representation of time. These both feature in the last scene of ‘The Curious Case of Benjamin Button’. The ticking of a clock more often than not makes people anxious, it reminds people times running out and that time is limited, Benjamin too was reminded of this. Benjamin also feared this, he was anxious about the constant reminder that time was running out. As a young confused 5 year when Daisy moved into the rest home, Benjamin was playing with an alarm clock. The alarm clock was ringing, alarming us that Benjamins time had run out. It signalled that Benjamin was entering the final stage of his life. He was almost just as he was when he was born,  Being born as an old man. Life in a way is a cycle, as you get older you face similar problems as to what you faced as a child. This was true for Benjamin except Benjamin was going from being old to becoming younger. Daisy was facing different problems to what Benjamin was going through,  whilst the problems were different to Benjamins, the underlying problem they both had was the same, that they had lived an eventful life but both of their lives were coming to an end. Time for them both was running out. As well as clocks ticking throughout the scene, clocks themselves make a common appearance. Clocks represent life and death, we see clocks when we need to be reminded that time is continuous. Clocks represent the way Benjamin lives his life backwards. The main point when the clock was featured in the scene was when the train station replaced the clock that was set up to turn backwards. They replaced it with a new digital clock that ran normally, forwards. The old clock symbolises Benjamin and the new digital clock represents the end of Benjamin’s life. The old clock was similar to Benjamin, it was a normal clock, it looked no different but the way it runs was different, much like Benjamin. But when the new digital clock was put up it was another sign that Benjamin’s life was coming to an end. And also when the clock was put away in storage it represented people forgetting about those who had lived before them and people moving on. Benjamin, once he was gone would be forgotten, as time moved on without him.

Director David Fincher includes techniques such as montage, voice-over narration, sound and symbols to engages the audience and gets across his message and theme. The theme in which the director was trying to portray is the inevitability of time. A lot of elements were added to enhance this message, and we interpret this via symbols, sound, voice-over narration and montage. The four cinematography techniques (which were mentioned above) highlighted Benjamin’s limited amount of time. Despite Benjamins time being limited from the very beginning, it didn’t stop Benjamin from living a full life. David Fincher included this in the film in hopes of making the audience feel inspired by Benjamin, and to go and make the most of their life, living it to the very fullest and never take it for granted. The last scene leaves the audience with many emotions. However, whatever emotion the audience may feel it is important for them to understand that the end was inevitable. Benjamin’s death could not be changed, prolonged or even stopped by anyone. Benjamin’s life had run its course. 

Humans are naturally fascinated by the unknown, but yet in some cases, humans fear the unknown. Benjamin was the unknown. He experienced things throughout his life which were somewhat similar to others, but his sequence of life was abnormal. By having a life which was a far cry from those he was ‘growing old’ with, his story was compelling, engaging and intriguing. Although his story was diverse, he dealt with something that affects the majority of people. Life lacks time, there is an inevitability of time. Benjamin was affected by this greatly. His time was unfairly limited with Daisy, the love of his, He never experienced things at the same time as his peers. He never experienced things the same. Benjamin Buttons life was different. The director communicates this idea through the four cinematography techniques voice-over narration, montage, sound and symbols. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button was a film which included a lot of emotion, thought and ideas. 

“We spend precious hours fearing the inevitable. It would be wise to use that time adoring our families, cherishing our friends, and living our lives.” -Maya Angelou

Final Scene Close Veiwing Assement

Introduction

  • All essays need an introduction. Your challenge is to ensure that you capture your reader’s attention in the into and cover any important material your reader needs to know to understand your essay.

There are several ways to approach the body of your essay :

  • Analyse by technique : Write a paragraph for each technique and build your essay towards a discussion  on how the combine to communicate your central idea.
  • Analyse the scene chronologically : Decide on 3-4 key moments in the scene that demonstrate your selected techniques and analyse how they are used (independently and together)

Conclusions tie the essay together

  • You can use them to clarify to the reader the main points and ideas you have discussed throughout your essay.

THE INEVITABILITY OF TIME

Techniques to include :

  • Sound
  • Montage
  • Symbols
  • Voice Over (Limited)

Clock alarm bell when she read to him

Daisy read to him when he was a baby after she moved in

Digital clock put up in train station 2002

Colours

Storm when daisy in hospital

Hummingbird outside window

Clock in storage and water floods through by it, still ticking backwards,

Final montage of people in benjamin’s life, music piano background

Introduction

Being an old person itself comes with many problems, Dementia, Arthritis and many other problems that come as baggage as you age. Being elderly, you have to watch loved ones slowly pass away around you, people with whom you may have lived your life. People you may have grown old with. These weren’t problems Benjamin Button faced when he was an old man. He had another problem, some may argue  Benjamin had a bigger problem. Benjamin Button aged backwards. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button is a short story written by F. Scott Fitzgerald which was later made into a film directed by David Fincher. The story is about a boy who was born into an old man’s body. We see Benjamin (the main character) become younger on the outside all whilst growing older on the inside. As you can imagine Benjamin faces many challenges throughout his lifetime, a lot of his challenges were different from the ‘normal person’, much like how his life was different from those around him. One of the main challenges Benjamin faced in his lifetime was the inevitability of time. The concept of the inevitability of time is revealed through cinematography techniques for example Sound, Voice over narration, Symbols and montage. I will be elaborating more on how these 4 techniques helped convey the message of the inevitability of time in the last scene of the film which I will be focusing on. The last scene consists of Daisy moving into the rest home, to help care for Benjamin as he goes through the last years of his life. From a 5-year-old to a newborn. During this time Daisy read to him, helped him walk when he lost the ability to, as well as watching him start to not be able to talk. She was with him when he passed away. This is the scene I will be focusing on to explain how the cinematography techniques show the inevitability of time.

Time flies. This a common phrase that is used to express emotion about the constant passing of time. An emotion which may be happy, glad, thankful for the fact that time is moving on, or in other cases it may reflect being distressed, sad or concerned that a moment has passed. A moment which can never truly be relived. The beginning of the last scene in the Curious Case of Benjamin Button is a montage. A montage also reflects time flying by. It shows snippets of time. In the last scene, it showed the monumental moments from the last 5 years of Benjamin’s life. It begins with Benjamin at 5, playing with a clock just as Daisy moves into the rest home. The alarm clock which Benjamin was holding on to was used to make the audience aware of Benjamins little time left. It was also a sign for both Benjamin and Dasiy because both of their lives had reached the point where they were both closing their books of doing wild, adventurous and exciting things and they were opening a new one which involved simply winding down to get through the last years of the lives. Daisy also took over the role of caring for Benjamin, whereas at the beginning of the film this was more Benjamins role, an old man looking out for a young innocent 7-year-old girl. This was a main theme for the montage, Both of them losing the ability to do things, although they were losing different things to each other, time was catching up on both of them, as it always does. Throughout life no matter what way one lives it, there are certain milestones which everyone goes through, a milestone that we could face as a two-year-old or a 75-year-old. Milestones make us aware of time. While the montage shows Daisy starting to care for Benjamin,  it also shows Daisy having to narrate the final years of his life for him. We hear this through the voice of narration (Omniestant). While we see the last years of his life via montage, we hear Daisy narrate his life from going from a 5-year-old to a baby. Through the whole movie its Benjamin narrating for us but as his life is in reverse, and he is aging backwards, getting younger and younger, Benjamin loses the ability to narrate himself, leaving Daisy to have to finish it for him. So this also proves the theme of Inevitability of time as time no longer allows him to finish his own story off, much like how time didn’t allow him and Daisy’s relationship to last. The impact that both montage and voice-over have on the final scene, was that both techniques showed time catching up on Benjamin and how he was losing things he had been able to do his whole life and how Daisy had to take care of him. They conveyed the message of the inevitability of time.

Clocks are a representation of time passing. The ticking of a clock is a representation of time. These both feature in the last scene of ‘The Curious Case of Benjamin Button’. The ticking of a clock more often than not makes people anxious, it reminds people times running out and that time is limited, Benjamin too was reminded of this. Benjamin also feared this, he was anxious about the constant reminder that time was running out. As a young confused 5 year when Daisy moved into the rest home, Benjamin was playing with an alarm clock. The alarm clock was ringing, alarming us that Benjamins time had run out. It signalled that Benjamin was entering the final stage of his life. He was almost just as he was when he was born,  Being born as an old man. Life in a way is a cycle, as you get older you face similar problems as to what you faced as a child. This was true for Benjamin except Benjamin was going from being old to becoming younger. Daisy was facing different problems to what Benjamin was going through,  whilst the problems were different to Benjamins, the underlying problem they both had was the same, that they had lived an eventful life but both of their lives were coming to an end. Time for them both was running out. As well as  clocks ticking throughout the scene, clocks themselves make a common appearance. Clocks represent life and death, we see clocks when we need to be reminded that time is continuous. Clocks represent the way Benjamin lives his life backwards. The main point when the clock was featured in the scene was when the train station replaced the clock that was set up to turn backwards. They replaced it with a new digital clock that ran normally, forwards. The old clock symbolises Benjamin and the new digital clock represents the end of Benjamin’s life. The old clock was similar to Benjamin, it was a normal clock, it looked no different but the way it runs was different, much like Benjamin. But when the new digital clock was put up it was another sign that Benjamin’s life was coming to an end. And also when the clock was put away in storage it represented people forgetting about those who had lived before them and people moving on. Benjamin, once he was gone would be forgotten, as time moved on without him.

Humans are naturally fascinated by the unknown, but yet in some cases, Humans fear the unknown. Benjamin was the unknown. He experienced things throughout his life which were somewhat similar to others, but his sequence of life was abnormal. By having a life which was a far cry from those he was ‘growing old’ with, his story was compelling, engaging and intriguing. When the director David Fincher includes techniques such as montage, voice-over narration, sound and symbols it engages the audience more. The last scene leaves the audience with many emotions. However, whatever emotion the audience may feel it is important for them to understand that the end was inevitable. Benjamin’s death could not be changed, prolonged or even stopped by anyone. Benjamin’s life had run its course. The inevitability of time. David Fincher, The director used the four cinematography techniques (which were mentioned above) to highlight Benjamin’s limited amount of time. Despite Benjamins time being limited from the very beginning, it didn’t stop Benjamin from living a full life. David Fincher included this in the film in hopes of making the audience feel inspired by Benjamin, and to go and make the most of life, living it to the very fullest and never take it for granted. 

Que Cards

 

1. “Things you take for granted someone else is praying for”

If any of you have ever had surgery or been put to sleep you will know those first groggy minutes when your just coming round are weird.

2. For me I started waking up as I was getting wheeled into the recovery ward to the sound of beeping and nurses explaining to me that my surgery had proved more difficult that they had imagined, as if i couldn’t already tell by the pain I was feeling in my stomach!
3. My eyelids were the last thing to wake up. Its as if they got the message to wake up after everyone else because while lying there it was like being in a room with no windows, i had no idea what was going on outside but from what i was feeling it didn’t seem great. 4. Questions from the nurses asking if the pain was decreasing were only getting a slight shake of the head. I know its bad but when i was lying in that room feeling like I was dying i started to feel angry towards the nurses,
5. its was like my brain was trying to put the blame on somebody to give some sort of explanation as to why i was feeling the pain of a knife being slowly pulled out of my stomach or that’s what i can only imagine it feels like. 6. So with the pain only increasing, more and more things were added to my ongoing list of medication. At this point I had a nose tubes in to keep my breathing normal and although it looks uncomfortable to have little tubes up your nose they aren’t to bad,
7. I had IV lines in both arms giving me the much needed pain relief and cardiac monitors on my chest which i remember being really cold like when your grandma touches you with her freezing hands. Once back in my room i was out like a light. 8. To do anything i had to have someone help me, i was like a toddler learning to walk for the first time. Dad got woken up multiple times in the night by me throwing stuff at him so I could just go to the toilet.
9. Nights also seemed to go on forever. I spent most of the nights staring at the ceiling drinking chocolate milk which was kind of warm and disgusting but was some sort of entertainment nonetheless. 10. Meals in hospital are a whole other story. I don’t even think anyone should be grateful for these. The caterer lady who delivered the meals was called Sanda. She hated me, or actually i think she hated teenagers in general.
11. She would walk slowly into your room taking a long time between each word just to really add some emphasis on all the nasty things she was about to say to you, and then she would go on to shove all this food at you which smelt disgusting and tasted the same too. 12. After two weeks of attempting to eat the vomit worthy food i gave up, and i would be lying if i said some of the soup didn’t go down the sink and neither did the carrots or pumpkin or whatever they were go down the toilet.
13. I know it was a waste but the look sandra would give you as you handed back a tray of untouched food made it a much better decision! I think about two days after my surgery she started complaining to me about how bad 14. ‘us teenagers were because we  just lie around on our phones doing nothing’. Another thing she also said to me was that i ‘shouldn’t spend all day lying in bed and that i need to get up and start walking around’.
15. Most of you find getting out of bed hard as you want to sleep all day, but when getting out of bed is literally one of the hardest things you do in a day and all you do is lie there watching bad tv it doesn’t really have the same effect! 16. Once finally out of out of hospital the days didn’t get much more eventful. I’d spend my days watching too many episodes of the 100, telling mum i was doing homework and sleeping, it probably sounds really fun but trust me the initial fun wares off!
17. For a week i couldn’t walk alone. It took about 2 weeks before i could even sit up by myself. And for around 4 week i spent most of my time in bed only getting up for short intervals. And now 15 weeks later I still haven’t got fully back into sport and nor am i feeling 100% yet. 18. I learnt a lot in these 15 weeks. How the easiest things you don’t even think about, can become the hardest,  I learnt first hand what hospital is like, Prior to this i definitely took a lot of things for granted, now not so much.
19. I guess what i’m trying to get across is your life can be a whole lot worse than it is right now so you should never take even the smallest things for granted. Next time when your carrying your skis up the final bit of road before the ski field, 20. just remember how lucky you are to be able to do this, Or even when you are hanging out with friends. Because you could be next in line to have to deal with the horrible hospital food so be grateful for whatever you can do right now whether its big things like climbing mount everest, Playing a game of netball or smaller things like surviving another day at school. Just be grateful.

Speech

Message – That you should be grateful for being healthy as it can all change really quickly

Story –

“Things you take for granted someone else is praying for”

If any of you have ever had surgery or been put to sleep you will know those first groggy minutes when your just coming round are weird. For me I started waking up as I was getting wheeled into the recovery ward to the sound of beeping and nurses explaining to me that my surgery had proved more difficult that they had imagined, as if i couldn’t already tell by the excruciating pain I was feeling in my stomach! My eyelids were the last thing to wake up. Its as if they got the message to wake up after everyone else because while lying there it was like being in a room with no windows, i had no idea what was going on outside but from what i was feeling it didn’t seem great. Questions from the nurses asking if the pain was decreasing were only getting a slight shake of the head. I know its bad but when i was lying in that room feeling like I was dying i started to feel angry towards the nurses, its was like my brain was trying to put the blame on somebody to give some sort of explanation as to why i was feeling the pain of a knife being slowly pulled out of my stomach or that’s what i can only imagine it feels like. So with the pain only increasing, more and more things were added to my ongoing list of medication. At this point I had a nose tubes in to keep my breathing normal and although it looks uncomfortable to have little tubes up your nose they aren’t to bad, I had IV lines in both arms giving me the much needed pain relief and cardiac monitors on my chest which i remember being really cold like when your grandma touches you with her freezing hands. Once back in my room i was out like a light.

To do anything i had to have someone help me, i was like a toddler learning to walk for the first time. Dad got woken up multiple times in the night by me throwing stuff at him so I could just go to the toilet. Nights also seemed to go on forever. I spent most of the nights staring at the ceiling drinking chocolate milk which was kind of warm and disgusting but was some sort of entertainment nonetheless. Having the nurses come in and check on me at night also provided another sort of entertainment as we would talk about married at first sight which was airing at the time. Meals in hospital are a whole other story. I don’t even think anyone should be grateful for these. The caterer lady who delivered the meals was called Sanda. She hated me, or actually i think she hated teenagers in general. She would walk slowly into your room taking a long time between each word just to really add some emphasis on all the lovely things she was about to say to you, and then she would go on to shove all this food at you which smelt disgusting and tasted the same too. After two weeks of attempting to eat the vomit worthy food i gave up, and i would be lying if i said some of the soup didn’t go down the sink and neither did the carrots or pumpkin or whatever they were go down the toilet. I know it was a waste but the look sandra would give you as you handed back a tray of untouched food made it a much better decision! I think about two days after my surgery she started complaining to me about how bad ‘us teenagers were because we  just lie around on our phones all do doing nothing’. Another thing she also said to me was that i ‘shouldn’t spend all day lying in bed and that i need to get up and start walking around’.

Most of you find getting out of bed hard as you want to sleep all day, but when getting out of bed is literally one of the hardest things you do in a day and all you do is lie there watching bad tv it doesn’t really have the same effect! Once finally out of out of hospital the days didn’t get much more eventful. I’d spend my days watching too many episodes of the 100, telling mum i was doing homework and sleeping, it probably sounds really fun but trust me the initial fun wares off! For a week i couldn’t walk alone. It took about 2 weeks before i could even sit up by myself. And for around 4 week i spent most of my time in bed only getting up for short intervals. And now 15 weeks later I still havent got back into sport and nor am i feeling 100% yet.

I learnt a lot in these 15 weeks. How the easiest things you don’t even think about, can become the hardest,  I learnt first hand what hospital is like, Prior to this i definitely took a lot of things for granted, now not so much. I guess what i’m trying to get across is your life can be a whole lot worse than it is right now so you should never take even the smallest things for granted. Next time when your carrying your skis up the final bit of road before the ski field, just remember how lucky you are to be able to do this, Or even when you are hanging out with friends. Because you could be next in line to have to deal with the horrible hospital food so be grateful for whatever you can do right now whether its big things like climbing mount everest, Playing a game of netball or smaller things like surviving another day at school. Just be grateful.

 

Gatsby Paragraph

“That dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement” – James Truslow Adams. Throughout the novel ‘The Great Gatsby’ the author F Scott Fitzgerald critiques the American society by using Language features.

Valley of Ashes Paragraph

The valley of ashes in Great Gatsby symbolise the failure of the American Dream. The valley of ashes is a long strip of waste land that runs between New york and Long Island. Those who live in the valley of ashes are constantly let down by the dream, as they are working harder than most but can never become anything more. This shows the failure of the American Dream because it is meant to mean “that dream of a land in which life should be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability or achievement” – James Truslow Adams.

“This is a valley of ashes–a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and, finally, with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air…”. By calling the valley of ashes ‘grotesque’ its is emphasizing how run down and poor the valley of ashes is because grotesque means comically or repulsively ugly or distorted. Also by the author F Scott Fitzgerald saying how the valley of ashes is a ‘Fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens’ he is alluding more at the fact that Long Island and New york not only turn a blind eye towards those struggling in the valley of ashes they make it even worse by dumping all their waste products there. This makes it even more impossible for the Valley of ashes to ‘grow’ into a better place, it is only making it into a bigger badder place. New Yorkers and Long Islanders were a massive reaspn why those in the valley of ashes lived the way they did and I think that this part of the quote sums up the characters in New York and Long Islans at the time really well. They were all so careless and only cared for there own pleasure and what was best for them. It was clearly obvious that those in the valley of ashes were just as run down as the place the were living in, we know this by the section in the quote that highlights this by saying ‘men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air’. Everyone relied on those living in the valley of ashes but were never there to repay the favour and help them.

Symbols

Symbols

Fitzgerald loves his symbolic references. Littered throughout the novel are many key objects that help us understand something more about an idea, character or place.

Create a “symbols chart” as outlined below.

Symbol 3 quotes from the book that describe the symbol 3 moments when the symbol appears Major characters that the symbol is connected to What the symbol is representing Important things the symbol reveals about ideas and characters
Water “So we beat on boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past”- Nick

“What do you think of that? It’s stopped raining.”I’m glad Jay.” Her throat, full of aching, grieving beauty, told only of her unexpected joy.”

 

 

 

“I’m going to drain the pool today, Mr. Gatsby. Leaves will  start falling pretty soon…” “Don’t do it today,” Gatsby answered. He turned to me

apologetically“You know, old sport, I’ve never used that pool all summer?”

 

–  This quote appears at the very end of the book, the last line once Gatsby has been killed, Tom and Daisy had run off and Nick was going back to the Midwest.

– We see this quote in chapter 5. This is when Daisy and Gatsby meet again after the 5 years at Nicks.

– This quote is from chapter 8 moments before Gatsby is shot.

– Gatsby, Daisy and Nick.

– Gatsby and Daisy

– Gatsby

–  In this quote, the boat is are representing Gatsby who is fighting an unwinnable battle (the current) by trying to turn back time.

– The rain in this quote is representing how the time has stopped and it is forgotten the 5 year that Daisy and Gatsby have missed out on, and for that brief period all they are thinking about is each other.

– The pool (Symbol) represents all the things he had done for daisy over the time they were apart to try and win her back, but this summer when he was with her all these things lost there importance. The leaves in which the gardener is talking about is proving that time is still going as the seasons are changing.

Water in Great Gatsby symbolizes time. For Gatsby and Daisy water is what always keeps them apart, From the sound between East Egg and West Egg or when they finally meet after all those years and it’s raining or when Gatsby goes to point out the green light at the end of daisy dock but the mist is blocking the view. It represents the time they spent separated. For Gatsby he’s always trying to turn back time or make the time disappear, Neither of these are possible. Water is a representation of this.
Eyes Their eyes met, and they stared together at each other, alone in space. With an effort she glanced down at the table.

Gatsby looked at Daisy while she was speaking, in a way that every young girl wants to be looked at some time.

“Standing behind him, Michaelis saw with a shock that he was looking at the eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg, which had just emerged, pale and enormous, from the dissolving night. “God sees everything,” repeated Wilson.

– This is when Daisy suggests that they should all go into the city, she says to Gatsby that he always looks so cool, once they have shared this moment Tom realises that the two of them are in love.

– We read this in chapter four when Nick is talking about when Gatsby and Daisy first met and the start of their ‘relationship’.

– Wilson says this when Tom stops to get gas on his way to New York with Nick and Jordan, Wilson is telling Tom that he knows that his wife Myrtle has been having an affair. Wilson doesnt know who with but he is planning to go west with Myrtle to get away from whoever it was she was having the affair with.

–  Daisy and Gatsby


– Daisy and Gatsby

-Wilson, Tom and Myrtle

– The eyes of TJ Eckleburg represent the  staring down and judging American society as a ‘moral wasteland’. It represent those of the past looking down at America and how everyone is now behaving and doing things. Also the billboard in which TJ Eckleburgs eyes are on is over the valley of ashes where is is the reality of the american, people working extremely hard with little to no reward. The eyes of TJ Eckleburg see everything.

– Eyes are a big symbol in the great Gatsby because the novel is based on appearances. Many characters in Great Gatsby make a fake illusion of themselves to fool those around them but one thing that they cant change is their eyes. The eyes held their true emotions even when their body and what they were saying was completely different. They eyes where one of the big things what gave them away.

Their eyes revealed their true characters. For Gatsby his eyes almost represented how he was so deluded by his dream he wasn’t in reality and wasn’t seeing the full picture or even what he was doing. Others for example Daisy revealed even though she acts innocent and harmless she is well aware of what she is doing to others and how she is manipulating them. Unlike Gatsby Daisy isn’t blinded by love, Daisy is Blinded by Materialistic things instead.
The Colour White “Across the courtesy bay the white palaces of fashionable East Egg glittered along the water, and the history of the summer really begins on the evening I drove over there to have dinner with the Tom Buchanans”

“The only completely stationary object in the room was an enormous couch on which two young women were buoyed up as though upon an anchored balloon. They were both in white, and their dresses were rippling and fluttering as if they had just been blown back in after a short flight around the house.”

“All right, old sport,” called Gatsby. We slowed down. Taking a white card from his wallet, he waved it before the man’s eyes.

– This is when Nick is driving to Daisy and Tom’s for dinner. They live in the richest part of New York.

– This is when Nick is At Tom and Daisy’s for Dinner. When he walks into the room where unknown to him Daisy and Jordan were lounging on a coach.

– This is when Gatsby and Nick are driving out to his plane and Gatsby was speeding and was pulled over by a police man.

– Nick, Tom and Daisy.

– Nick, Daisy and Jordan.

– Nick and Gatsby

– The white palaces represents wealth. The East Egg estates are all considered ‘Old Money’. Whereas West egg is considered ‘New Money’. This is the difference between East Egg and West Egg, although it doesn’t seem to be much of a difference in the novel it’s like comparing chalk and cheese. Those from East Egg were always associated with white but never those from West Egg.

– In this quote white is symbolising innocence and femininity. Daisy is almost always wearing white. Although we know daisy is anything but innocent i think Daisy always is associated just to make her illusion more believable and since Nick is the narrator it isn’t really till the end of the book where he sees Daisy for who she truly is.

– White here is symbolising status and Class. The only wealthy people have the white card that allows them to bypass the law and essential drive whatever speed they like. Later on in the book speeding essentially gets Gatsby killed. But the white card is another item that separates the rich from the poor.

What white represents in a situations change it could be either class, innocence and femininity or wealth. For Gatsby white is symbolising his class and wealth, and although Gatsby isn’t included in the East Egg clique there is no denying he is very well known and definitely wealthy! Also proving this we never see Nick associated with white as he is neither Extremely wealthy or has a high Social status. Daisy is always white to signify her ‘innocence and purity’. We know this definatly is not who Daisy is, More who she portrays.
Yellow and Gold “The lights grow brighter as the earth lurches away from the sun, and now the orchestra is playing yellow cocktail music, and the opera of voices pitches a key higher.”

“It was a yellow car,” he said, “big yellow car.”

“He announced that he had a way of finding out whom the yellow car belonged to, and then he blurted out that a couple of months ago his wife had come from

the city with her face bruised and her nose swollen.”

– This is when Nick goes to his first party of Gatsby’s. This is describing Gatsby’s party.

– One of the witness talking about when myrtle  was killed and about the car which was Gatsby’s. This is after Myrtle was killed.

– Once again this was after Myrtle was killed. Wilson is still in shock and is going over the events of the night.

– Nick

– Gatsby, Tom, Daisy, Nick, Wilson and Myrtle.

– Gatsby, Tom, Daisy, Nick, Wilson and Myrtle.

In this instance yellow is used to symbolize Happiness. Gatsby’s parties were somewhere everyone went for a guaranteed fun time without having to worry about the problems of the world and really everyone was looked at the same. Gatsby’s parties were a very regular thing which was a very signature part of the 1920’s.

– The following quotes are about Gatsbys yellow Rolls Royce. Gatsby had an large car collection. A reason his car was a creamy yellow colour was like most things to impress Daisy as yellow symbolises fake wealth. Gold is the real symbol of wealth. He desperately wanted to show off some sort of wealth to Daisy. Unfortunately the stunning car was an attributing factor in Gatsby’s death.

Gatsby is always more associated with yellow rather than gold. Gold implies wealth and status. Yellow is fake gold. It is close to god but it will never be gold. Gatsby is yellow and Daisy is gold. Gatsbys car is a symbol of desire but also failure to reach ‘that’ group. Gatsby is trying so hard to show of what he has got but to daisy it will never be as much as she has.
The Green Light “Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us…tomorrow we will run faster, stretch out our arms farther.”- Nick Carraway

“You always have a green light that burns all night at the end of your dock.” Daisy put her arm through his abruptly, but he seemed absorbed in what he had just said. Possibly it had occurred to him that the colossal significance of that light had now vanished forever. Compared to the great distance that had separated him from Daisy it had seemed very near to her, almost touching her. It had seemed as close as a star to the moon. Now it was again a green light on a dock.

Involuntarily I glanced seaward and distinguished nothing except a single green light, minute and far away, that might have been the end of a dock. When I looked once more for Gatsby he had vanished, and I was alone again in the unquiet darkness.

– This is the final passage in the book which Nicks narrates. After Gatsby has been killed, Tom and Daisy have run away and Nick has decided to go back west. It is highlighting the impossible task of reaching the American Dream.

– We see this quote when Daisy and Gatsby finally meet at Nick’s house. Nick organised For Daisy to come over and secretly on the side told Gatsby to come over as well so the two could reunite.

– This is our very first glance at Gatsby. We read this once nick comes home from Daisys  and Toms

– Most people in the 1920’s hoping to achieve the American Dream

– Gatsby and Daisy

– Nick and Gatsby

– In this quote the green light is symbolising the unachievable. The Green light (American Dream) is never in reach in fact it only gets harder to achieve. But it also represents how people lose reality trying to live the ‘American Dream’  they are so focused on trying to achieve the dream that they are brainwashed by it and can’t comprehend how fake it is.

– When Gatsby finally meets Daisy after their 5 years of being apart it wasnt what Gatsby had been dreaming. The dream he been imagining had vanished. It symbolized when someone

achieved the dream it wasn’t what it was made out to be. This once again proves to us that the American dream isn’t what its is made out to be and once you achieve it you will be really disappointed.

– The Green light here symbolises how Gatsby still has hope for being reunited with Daisy. To Gatsby the green light is what he is striving to capture. Because all Gatsby wants is Daisy. At this point in the book Gatsby wasn’t aware that his dream would become a reality, but his dream wouldn’t be at all like he had fantasised.

“He stretched his arms out towards the dark water in a curious way… Involuntarily, I glanced seaward and distinguished nothing except a single green light, minute and far away…”

– Gatsby feels as though the dream (the light) is so close he can almost touch it but its just out of reach. It seems so close he surely won’t fail to touch it.

– Nick cant help but look where Gatsby is reaching to. Gatsby’s dream / hope is so powerful, it draws people attention without even meaning to.

There is only one focus to the dream. “Single” carries a lot of connotations. It can be lonely but also harmful its not healthy to focus on a single thing for too long. you can lose perspective on life/ everything else.

Tiny, in the distance. Nick sees the light as being a small speck in the distance. This reveals that Gatsby’s dream is, in reality, too far away to see clearly or reach. in reality it doesn’t exist.

Settings

Each of the settings in the novel comment on an aspect of The American Dream. Explain how each of the settings reveals a reality about The American Dream and how this message is reinforced by the characters that live in each setting.

East Egg – These people are born into ‘The Dream’,FALSE

West Egg – These people ‘Bootleg’ their way to the top but are never fully accepted into the elite social group. CORRUPT

Valley of Ashes – These people work hard and they never move out of poverty. The dream consistently fails them. FAILED

New York  – Anything is possible here or at least it feels like it is. This place offers the escape from reality for many people. ILLUSION